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HIV/AIDS in men – causes, symptoms and diagnosis

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a virus that affects the immunity of a healthy person. In advanced stages, it leads to AIDS that stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and is considered to be one of the biggest causes of deaths among men. The virus infects the immune system, destroys it gradually to the point that it literally ceases to exist and leads to several infections and illnesses that the body is unable to resist and eventually turn into a fatal case.

One million people over the age group of 13 and above suffered from HIV in the United States alone and almost 50% were men. For every 50,000 individuals affected every year, two-thirds are men.

What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. It is a viral infection that is an extension of the HIV and becomes active at very advanced stages of its infection. It is a very ‘stealthy’ disease, that is, AIDS does not exhibit active symptoms until it reaches to a very later stage when the immunity of the concerned gets destroyed and the patient suffers from very frequent infections and diseases. HIV is one of the most common killer viruses among men with a lot of cases being reported as fatal.

What are the early signs of HIV/AIDS in men?

The HIV infection does not exhibit proper symptoms at least till it reaches a very advanced stage. This is clearly observable as 41% of men according to a study, were reportedly describe as ‘late testers’.

Some of its most common symptoms can be listed as:

  • Flu like infections being one of the most common symptoms.
  • Rashes, sore throats and swollen lymph glands around the neck.
  • Diarrhea and vomits.
  • Rapid weight loss.
  • Loss in vision.
  • Night sweats, fever and headaches.
  • Chronic fatigue syndrome.

If you possess any of the above symptoms, contact a doctor immediately. These symptoms are frequent owing to the destruction of the immune system that HIV does.

What causes HIV?

  • Primarily caused due to sexual contact with an infected partner
  • Transfer of some bodily fluids from an infected individual to a normal individual.
  • Among men, gays and bisexuals are among the highest infected.
  • Also caused from an infected mother to child.

Diagnosing HIV/AIDS

Because of its complex nature and the difficulty to spot HIV flowing in the blood through normal tests, doctors and physicians have instead developed electronic devices for men similar to what we see for diabetes where devices take a drop of blood as input and display sugar levels as output.

Similar to that, one of the most common devices is OraQuick in-home HIV device that is a kit which displays quick HIV results. HIV is also diagnosed through the following tests:

  • ELISA, that stands for enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
  • Home tests as described above.
  • Saliva tests.
  • Blot tests.

Treating HIV/AIDS

Unfortunately, there are no specific treatments for this infection, however physicians and doctors around the world have been working day and night to develop singular vaccines that could fight the infection

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